Deploy Portainer for Easier Container Management
Containers can be a real challenge to manage. With so many moving parts and commands to work with, life can get a bit challenging. This is especially so as you scale up your deployments. One to make this a bit easier on you and/or your dev teams is to make use of a GUI tool that can be accessed from anywhere on your LAN. That way all of your developers can work much more efficiently, effectively, and reliably.
One such tool for this task is Portainer. This GUI can be deployed on top of Kubernetes, Docker, or Docker Swarm works seamlessly on a third-party cloud host or can be used on-prem or even at the edge.
Portainer gives you complete control over your containers, allowing you to pull images, create containers, networks and endpoints, and create registries. For anyone looking to employ a GUI to manage containers, you could do a lot worse than Portainer.
I’m going to walk you through deploying Portainer. I’ll be demonstrating on Ubuntu Server 20.04 with Docker, but the process will work with any platform that supports Docker or K8s. The only change you’ll have to make in the instructions is the installation of Docker for your operating system of choice. Of course, if you’re using this in the cloud, chances are pretty good you’re working with Linux, so the installation should be fairly straightforward.
The first thing we must do is install Docker. Previously, I would have installed the version of Docker found in the standard repositories (with
sudo apt-get install docker.io -y). However, we want to install the community edition of Docker, because that includes more features and is more regularly updated.
So, to install the Community edition, log into your Linux server and install the necessary dependencies with the command:
sudo apt-get install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release -y
Next, we need to add the required GPG security key for Docker, which is done with:
curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
With the GPG added, create the Docker repository with:
echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
Before we can install, we must update apt:
sudo apt-get update
Finally, it’s time to install the Docker engine with:
sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
Once the installation completes, we then need to add our user to the docker group. If you skip this step, you will only be able to work with Docker using sudo, which is a security risk you do not want to take. To add your user to the group, issue the command:
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
Log out and log back into the server so the changes will take effect.
Deploy Portainer with Persistent Storage
We’ll be deploying Portainer with persistent storage, on the off chance something goes wrong with the deployment, you’ll still have access to your data.
The first thing we must do is create a volume that will contain the data. Do that with the command:
docker volume create portainer_data
The above command will create a volume named portainer_data. We can now deploy Portainer, connecting it to the volume with the command:
docker run -d -p 8000:8000 -p 9443:9443 --name=portainer --restart=always -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -v portainer_data:/data portainer/portainer-ce
The deployment command will take a few minutes to complete. When the command returns the container IDs for the now-running Portainer deployment, open a web browser and point it to https://SERVER:9443 (where SERVER is the IP address of your hosting server).
In the resulting screen (Figure 1), you’ll be asked to create an initial admin user.
Add a username and type/confirm a strong/unique password. Once you’ve done that, click Create user. Once you’ve done that, you’ll be automatically logged in with that new user credentials and you should see the Portainer Quick Setup window (Figure 2).
Note: When you first access the Portainer site, you might also have to accept the security risk, as Portainer uses self-signed certificates. That’s fine, just accept the risk and no harm will come of it.
Click Get Started to use the local environment or, if you need to connect to a remote environment click Add Environments. After clicking Get Started, you should see your local environment listed (Figure 3).
Click on the listing marked local and you’ll be transported to the dashboard for that environment (Figure 4).
You can now start easily creating networks and volumes, pulling down images and deploying containers, and even adding registries and other environments.
Anyone looking to add a level of efficiency to their container deployments would do well to consider Portainer. With a user-friendly web-based GUI and all the tools you need to manage your deployments, Portainer should be considered a top choice for container management.
For more information on Portainer, check out the official Portainer documentation.