Containers / Open Source

Microsoft, Red Hat Partnership Signifies a Rapidly Evolving IT Ecosystem

4 Nov 2015 1:48pm, by

Although the fiercest of rivals in the enterprise IT space, Microsoft and Red Hat have struck up a partnership to make Red Hat’s Linux the “preferred” choice for enterprise computing on Microsoft’s Azure cloud.

“This is a more comprehensive partnership than with any of our other cloud partners,” said Paul Cormier, Red Hat’s president for products and technologies, who, along with Scott Guthrie, executive vice president for Microsoft’s Cloud and Enterprise division, introduced the pairing in a webcast press conference Wednesday.

It’s a move to “embrace the hybrid world,” as Cormier put it. “Together, we’re offering the most comprehensive support agreement for our mixed technologies to support customers,” he said.

Microsoft and Cary, N.C.-based Red Hat have been longtime rivals. Both offer enterprise infrastructure stacks, one based on Windows, the other on Linux. Former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer once called Linux “a cancer.” However, when asked what brought the two companies to this point, Cormier and Guthrie cited customer demand.

In historical terms, this is a monumental announcement, said Al Hilwa, program director of software development research at IDC, though he added it was only a matter of time before the “new” Microsoft struck a deal of this sort.

“The new Microsoft has taken bold new steps and has been on a path to partner with its fiercest rivals of past years,” Hilwa said. “The company has embraced Linux in its Azure cloud and is doing more in open source than ever. Still, this is a win for both companies and for the vast set of customers they have in common.”

“There’s not going to be any finger-pointing, saying, ‘It’s not my problem.’ Both vendors are standing behind it to make sure it’s successful,” Cormier said. To make sure this happens, the two companies said they would co-locate engineers – starting in Microsoft’s hometown of Redmond, Wash. – to collaborate on support.

The two also announced:

  • Support for hybrid clouds using Red Hat technologies on Azure.
  • .NET integration and availability with Red Hat Enterprise (RHEL) including Atomic Host and OpenShift. RHEL will be the primary development and reference operating system for .NET Core on Linux.
  • Windows supported on Red Hat’s OpenStack platform and Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization.
  • Management tooling integrations with Red Hat CloudForms.
  • Microsoft joins the Red Hat Certified Cloud Service Provider (CCSP) program.
  • A pay-as-you-go consumption model for Red Hat products on Azure.
  • Integration of CloudForms with both Azure and System Center VMM for workload management in hybrid environments.
  • RHEL Atomic Host available on Azure as a container host.

From a developer standpoint, Cormier pointed to opening up the OpenShift platform-as-a-service as an opportunity for .NET developers. They can create .NET applications for RHEL-based containers or use JBoss or .NET to connect services across platforms.

Developers can use JBoss for containers that run on Azure with full enterprise support. They can gain that support while using Microsoft’s Java SDK, Guthrie pointed out.

Among the other points they made:

  • Red Hat subscriptions become portable to Azure at all support levels.
  • It will apply to RHEL versions 6 and higher.
  • Any ISV technology supported on RHEL will work on Azure.
  • Microsoft is not working on making OpenStack run natively at this point. It’s working to make OpenShift, RHEL and JBoss work effectively from an application and workload perspective.

When asked what this “preferred” status means for their other cloud partners, Cormier and Guthrie danced around the issue. The Wall Street Journal pointed to a Deutsche Bank research report that estimated, for instance, that almost half of Red Hat’s roughly $100 million in revenue from cloud services comes from Amazon accounts, a chief rival to Azure.

“We have found Microsoft to be very committed to making Linux work well on Azure and are not surprised at the move. Ubuntu is the majority choice for Linux on the cloud, in every cloud, with or without Red Hat’s presence,” Mark Shuttleworth, founder of Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, said of the deal.

Still Frenemies

Guthrie pointed to new CEO Satya Nadella’s focus on making Microsoft more customer-centric as a reason for buddying up with the largest enterprise Linux vendor. Nadella has said “Microsoft loves Linux,” and about a quarter of its business on Azure is Linux-based and about half of the workloads from China are.

The situation is similar to a deal the two vendors did in 2009 when they each joined each other’s virtualization partner programs, but both pointed out it wasn’t a partnership, according to Jay Lyman, research manager for cloud platforms for 451 Research.

“[This highlights] the fact this was driven not by the companies liking each other and joining up, but mostly by customers,” he said.

“Just as it was then, Microsoft’s customers today demand support for Red Hat and other open source technologies such as RHEL, and customers and users of Red Hat and other open source software demand support for Microsoft technologies such as .NET and Azure.

“This also highlights the ongoing pervasiveness of polyglot programming, whereby software applications and services are built on a much broader array of components in a best-tool-for-the-job approach. Both Red Hat and Microsoft contribute significant, useful and credible parts of polyglot – it makes perfect sense that they more deeply and effectively integrate and support one another’s software,” Lyman said.

Strategically, this is what is it takes to be a player at scale in the cloud platform war – and it’s an important move for Microsoft it its bid to compete among the top players, says Hilwa.

IDC believes that a significant portion of the two companies’ customers use both their technologies strategically.

“This partnership will allow their joint customers to use a wide cross-section of both company’s technologies in a more integrated fashion and, for the first time, with the blessing and deep support from both vendors.”

Red Hat is a sponsor of The New Stack.

Feature Image: “JOIN, or DIE” by DonkeyHotey, licensed under CC BY 2.0.

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